Predictable routines help children understand what is coming next in the day as well as what they are expected to do throughout the day.  This, paired with a visual schedule, communicates the sequence of upcoming activities or events through the use of objects, photographs, icons, words or a combination of tangible supports. A visual schedule tells a student where she should be and when she should be there.   


  • help students become independent.
  • reduce anxiety for students by providing a clear structure for the school day.
  • remind students of routines.
  • set expectations for the day.
  1. Communicate the daily schedule and set clear expectations at the beginning of each day.
  2. Design a format for your visual schedule that is age appropriate (pictures, words or a combination of the two).
  3. Have the schedule visible for all students each day.

Visual Schedules: How to use them in the classroom